The Internationale Eislauf-Vereingung (International Skating Union) was brought into existence in 1892 to administrate international competition in speed and figure skating. The inaugural Championship, in 1896, also identified as the Championship of the Internationale Eislauf-Vereingung, was hosted in Saint Petersburg. The event was contested by four competitors and triumphed by Gilbert Fuchs.
The championships were deemed to be all-male affair as competitive skating, in general, considered a male sport. However, there were no explicit rules & regulations as regards the gender of competitors. Madge Syers contested the championships, in 1902, and won silver medal. The 1903 ISU Congress deliberated over the gender issues, but did not introduce any new rules. The 1905 Congress created a second class (ISU Championships rather than World Championships) ladies competition. The Winners were to be recognized as ISU, but not as World Champions. Men's and Ladies competitions were usually conducted individually. In 1906, the first ladies competition was held in Davos and won by Syers.
In the initial years the host countries used to invite judges who usually happened to be locals. The ladies’ tournament staged in 1927 in Oslo was presided over by five judges of whom three were Norwegian. The three Norwegian judges awarded first place to Norwegian competitor Sonja Henie, while the Austrian and German judges bestowed first place to defending champion Herma Szabo first. However, this questionable outcome awarding Henie her first world title prevailed. Consequent to this controversy the ISU initiated a rule allowing no more than one judge per country on the panel.
The championships held in New York in 1930 pooled, for the first time, all three competitions into one event. Also, this was the first championship ship to be held outside Europe. Ice dancing was officially inducted in 1952. Until then, it had been an unofficial part of the championships since 1936.
A limitation, in 1960, as regards the number of participants per country to a maximum of three per discipline, was implemented for the first time.
Compulsory figures were done away from the World Championships in 1991.
The 6.0 system was used for judging until the 2004 championships, was discontinued and the ISU Judging System was started from the 2005 edition onwards.
During the last few decades, in the years of the Winter Olympics, when the World Championships are conducted about a month post-Olympic Games, there have been instances of large number of Olympic medallists skipping this competition. The possible reasons for not partaking in the post-Olympics Worlds were that the skaters requiring rest due to physical and mental exhaustion, and/or Olympic medallists inclined to become professional to encash on their Olympic Games success. In this background the ISU has started examining and considering broadening the time lag between the Games and the Worlds.
The World Figure Skating Championships were cancelled 15 times in its history, from 1915–1921 due to World War I, from 1940–1946 due to World War II, and once in 1961 as a consequence to the loss of the whole American team in the crash of Sabena Flight 548.
The 2011 Championships, originally scheduled to be hosted by Tokyo, were to be cancelled, initially, after the 2011 Japan earthquake disaster, but were, however, moved to Moscow later on.
The 2014 World Figure Skating Championships will take place in the 2013–2014 season. The event, as confirmed in February 2013, will be hosted at Saitama Super Arena in Saitama, Japan from March 24 to 30, 2014. The event will also resolve the issue of number of participants that a country can send to the 2015 World Championships.
This tournament is open to figure skaters from ISU member nations who attain the age of 15 by July 1, 2013. Considering the results in the 2013 World Championships, as criteria, each country is authorized between one to three entries per discipline. National associations select their entries basing on their own criteria. But those skaters have to achieve a minimum technical elements score (TES) at an international event prior to the World Championships.
The 2013 World Figure Skating Championships was held in the 2012–2013 season. The event was held in London, Ontario, Canada at Budweiser Gardens from March 10 to 17, 2013. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pairs, and ice dancing. The event also decided the number of entries a country can send to the 2014 World Championships and 2014 Winter Olympics. The medal tally is:
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Canada 1 1 1 3
2 Russia 1 0 1 2
3 South Korea 1 0 0 1
3 United States 1 0 0 1
5 Germany 0 1 0 1
5 Italy 0 1 0 1
5 Kazakhstan 0 1 0 1
8 Spain 0 0 1 1
8 Japan 0 0 1 1
It was in 1908 that the first competition for the pairs was held in St. Petersburg, despite the fact that this event construed as unlawful and impolite in some countries. Japan being one such country, had applied for the Winter Olympics in 1940. Initial championships for both ladies and pairs were formerly titled, simply, as the ISU Championships, were given World Championship status in 1924, retrospectively.
The list of countries which are qualified for more than one entry per discipline are show below.
|| Czech Republic
2014 World Figure Skating Championships Schedule:
2014 World Figure Skating Championships Schedule will be updated soon...
2014 World Figure Skating Championships Results:
2014 World Figure Skating Championships Results will be updated soon..