The Masters is believed to have the smallest field of all the four major championships. The Masters remains, officially, an invitation event, but there is a set of qualifying criterion that establishes the players to be included in the field. The players are classified according to the first category, by which they qualified, with other categories in which they qualified shown in parentheses. Dates regarding a qualifying category will be completely determined are shown in italics.
The Golfers who qualify basing solely on their performance in amateur tournaments (categories 6–10) must continue to remain so on the starting day of the tournament to be eligible to play.
The Masters Tournament, also popular as The Masters or The US Masters, is one of the four major golf championships in professional circuit. This event is scheduled to be held for the first and full week of April 2014. It is the first of the major events to be played every year. In contrast to the other major championships, the Masters is held annually at the same venue, Augusta National Golf Club, a private golf club in the city of Augusta, Georgia, USA. The Masters was initiated by Clifford Roberts and Bobby Jones. Jones created Augusta National along with course architect Alister Mackenzie. The tournament is an official money event on the PGA Tour, the European Tour, and the Japanese Golf Tour. The field of players is smaller than those of the other major championships because it is an invitational event, held by the Augusta National Golf Club.
The tournament has been very traditional. Since 1949, the champion used to be presented a green jacket which had to be returned to the clubhouse one year after the time of that player's victory. A golfer winning the event several times used the same green jacket awarded on his initial triumph.
The Champions’ Dinner held on the Tuesday before each tournament was inaugurated by Ben Hogan in 1952, and open only to past champions and certain board members of the Augusta National Golf Club.
Starting in 1963, legendary golfers including Fred McLeod, Jock Hutchinson, Gene Sarazen, Sam Snead, Byron Nelson, Arnold Palmer, Jack Nicklaus and Gary Player, hit an honorary tee shot on the morning of the first round. A semi-social par 3 contest, on a par-3 course on Augusta National's grounds has been played on the day before the first round of each Masters Tournament, since 1960.
Nicklaus has won, six times between 1963 and 1986, more Masters Tournaments than any other golfer. Arnold Palmer and Tiger Woods, with four titles each and Jimmy Demaret, Sam Snead, Gary Player, Nick Faldo and Phil Mickelson with three titles each, are other multiple winners. The South African, Gary Player was the first non-American player to win the tournament in 1961.
The Augusta National course first inaugurated in 1933 has been modified several times by different designers. Some of the changes are that greens have been reshaped and, on certain occasions, entirely re-designed, bunkers have been added, water hazards have been extended, new tee boxes have been built, hundreds of trees have been planted, and several mounds have been installed.
The first "Augusta National Invitational" Tournament, originally known, as the Masters was started on March 22, 1934, and won by Horton Smith. The current name was adopted in 1939. The first tournament was played with 10 current holes through 18 played as the first nine, and 1 through 9 as the second nine then reversed permanently to its present format for the 1935 tournament.
The Masters the first acknowledged major golf championship of the year since 1940 had been played in such a way so that the final round is always played on the second Sunday of April with the exception of 1979 when Fuzzy Zoeller won on the third Sunday in April.
The tournament features four "rounds"; each round consists of 18 holes. Round One play begins on Thursday, Round Two on Friday, Round Three on Saturday, and the tournament ends with Round Four on Sunday (when there are no delays). The Masters has a relatively small field of contestants, in comparison with other golf tournaments, so the competitors play in groups of three for the first two rounds (36 holes) and the field is not split to begin on the 1st and 10th tees except the weather cuts short the available playing time.
Following 36 holes of play, a cutoff score is calculated and eliminations are made, thereby reducing the field. To "make the cut", players must be either within 50 places of the lead (ties counting), or within 10 strokes of the leader's score. These criteria have applied since the 2013 tournament. From 1957 to 1960, the top 40 scores (including ties) and all of those within 10 strokes of the leader made the cut. From 1961 to 2012, it was the top 44 plus those with ten strokes of the lead. Before 1957, there was no 36-hole cut.
Subsequent to the cut, an additional 36 holes are played over the final two days. Should the fourth round fail to produce a winner, all players who are tied for the lead enter a sudden-death round. Play then alternates, between the 18th hole and the 10th, until one player is left.
2013 Masters Tournament Golf details:
Dates April 11, 2013– April 14, 2013
Location Augusta, Georgia, U.S.
Course(s) Augusta National Golf Club
Tour(s) PGA Tour, European Tour, Japan Golf Tour
Length 7,435 yards (6,799 m)
Field 93 players, 61 after cut
Cut 148 (+4)
Prize fund $8,000,000 / €6,135,438
Winner's share $1,440,000 / €1,104,379
Champion Adam Scott, Australia.
2014 Masters Tournament Schedule:
2014 Masters Tournament schedule will be updated soon..
2014 Masters Tournament Results:
2014 Masters Tournament results will be updated soon..